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German society for techical cooperation (GTZ) Project Improvement of employment through vocational e

The project GTZ VET is a part of overall support to the sustainable economical development. During the last few years Montenegro has adopted plenty of legal regulations regarding the reform of education. In this context the project is supporting Montenegrin government in creating coherent policy in vocational education and modernization of the educational process, adapted to the needs of economy.

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Education in Montenegro

According to the evaluations from 2001, there are 665000 inhabitants in Montenegro, 38.5% of whom active-working. In addition to this, Montenegro hosts 28490 refugees from Kosovo (out of whom 6247 are Romany) and 13303 refugees from Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Republic of Montenegro covers an area of 13812 km2.

According to data from 2002, 113827 people are employed, out of whom 42.2% are females. On 31st December 2002, The Employment Bureau of Montenegro kept records of 76370 unemployed people. According to the census taken in 1991, the educational structure was dominated by people with the intermediate (vocational-school) specialists training - 35%, while 7.8% were in other skilled workers group; 29.5% of the population had primary education, 8.9% were without a primary education, and 3.8% had an advanced specialists education; one to three grades of elementary school were finished by 2.3%, and four to seven grades by 14.0% of the population; Only 8


Vocational Education

The first secondary vocational school in Montenegro was founded in Cetinje, in 1869 and was of three years duration. In the same year, a school for education of Montenegrin Female Youth was opened in Cetinje, and ceased its work in 1913. Due to its economical structure, where Montenegro had agriculture as almost the only economic branch, a Farming-Agriculture School was opened in Danilovgrad, in 1875. From 1920, some vocational-trading schools were being opened, counting a total of 7 schools in the school year of 1930-31. After the World War II, in 1949-50, there were 1884 students in 18 secondary industrial schools, and in the school year of 1967-68, just in one school in Podgorica, 1683 students were being trained to become qualified (skilled) and highly qualified (skilled) workers.

In line with the laws passed in 1991, the system of the vocational schools was adapted to meet demands the state-planed economy, and partly market economy